Published: 24 January 2021
Author(s): Pietro Scicchitano, Lorenzo Grazioli Gauthier, Carlo D'Agostino, Pasquale Caldarola, Biagio Solarino, Francesco Massari, Francesco Chiarella, Gianfranco Sinagra, Fabio Manca, Marco Matteo Ciccone
Issue: April 2021
Section: Original article

Myocarditis is defined as an inflammatory cardiac muscular disease. The etiology is extremely heterogeneous, the causes varying from infective (bacterial, viral, etc) to non-infective (drugs, physical and biochemical agents, systemic inflammatory diseases, etc). [1] The prevalence of myocarditis is difficult to be estimated as most of them passes underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Dedicated, retrospective studies outlined a prevalence of 22 cases per 100,000 individual/years as incidence, [2] while autoptic studies revealed the occurrence of fatal acute myocarditis in 0.46 cases per 100,000 individuals/years [3] or, at least 0.53% prevalence within an Italian sample population (i.e.


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