The MPP project was a joint venture between the American Board of Internal Medicine/American College of Physicians - American Society of Internal Medicine and the European Federation of Internal Medicine (ABIM/ACP-ASIM and EFIM). The working group consisted of 6 members from each organisation who met periodically between 1999 and 2001 to formulate the Physician’s Charter. Thiswhich was jointly published in the Annals of Internal Medicine (ref: Ann Int Med 2002; 136: 243-6), in the Lancet (ref: Lancet 2002; 359: 520-2), and in the European Journal of Internal Medicine (ref: Eur J Int Med 2002; 13: 215-9) entitled: 'Charter on medical professionalism. Medical professionalism in the new millennium: a physician’s charter'.
Charter on medical professionalism Medical professionalism in the new millennium: A physician’s charter. Project of the ABIM Foundation, ACP-ASIM Foundation and the European Federation of Internal Medicine. (Ann Int Med 2002; 136: 243-6)
Charter on medical professionalism. Where do we go from here?
Editorial by Dr Christopher Davidson (EJIM 2002; 13: 153)
On closer reading of A Physician’s Charter: Medical Professionalism in the New Millennium, it is clear that the institutional and organizational settings of contemporary medical practice pose significant impediments to achieving several of the responsibilities it calls on physicians to assume. Moreover, many of those impediments are so deeply imbedded in the structure of all healthcare systems that they are beyond the control of physicians, whether acting alone or collectively. Indeed, only those in a position to effect system-wide changes (eg. elected officials, ministers of heath) can eliminate these structural impediments. Consequently, if the public is to continue to enjoy the unique benefits that medical professionalism can offer, some form of a functional alliance between the medical profession and society is necessary.
The follow up article: Alliance Between Society and Medicine: The Public's Stake in Medical Professionalism was published in JAMA
Medical Professionalism Project. Alliance Between Society and Medicine: The Public's Stake in Medical Professionalism.
Authors: JJ Cohen, S Cruess, C Davidson (JAMA 2007; 298: 670-673)
Peripheral Arterial Disease
The EFIM Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) Working Group was set up to address the widespread failure to recognise PAD as an important risk factor for future vascular events such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Such patients are often only seen by a vascular surgeon when symptoms become apparent at a late stage in the disease. The Working group brought together opinion leaders in vascular and internal medicine with an unrestricted grant from Bristol Myers Squibb. They met from 2007-8 and produced several documents which are available for download below. The key findings were:
- PAD affects approximately 16% of the general population aged over 55 years in Europe and North America and is on the increase.
- Almost one-third of all patients with PAD around the world are under internist care.
- PAD is not just a localised disease – it also has serious systemic effects and is a major cause of death and disability.
- Individuals with PAD have higher risk of serious cardiovascular events within 1 year of diagnosis than those with CAD or CVD – yet physicians and patients are less aware of the risks associated with PAD than of those of MI or ischaemic stroke.
- More than 20% of individuals with PAD in the general population do not show classical symptoms and are diagnosed through ABI measurement alone – the proportion is much higher in at-risk populations.
- ABI is a quick, simple and accurate non-invasive test for PAD that can be performed in an office environment by any trained physician or nurse.
- Early diagnosis and prompt risk factor management to established guidelines can greatly diminish PAD-related disability and death.
Publications from the PAD Working Group:
Peripheral arterial disease: A growing problem for the internist.
Eur J Int Med 2009; 20: 132-138 download pdf (PDF)
Peripheral Arterial Disease Management. A Practical Guide for Internists (May 2008)
download the Booklet (PDF)
Political Issues in Internal Medicine
Report from the EFIM Working Group on Professional Issues in Internal Medicine Two reports have now been published: in 2005 and in 2010, please see below:
What will be the future of internal medicine in Europe? Because of rapidly growing concerns regarding the position of internal medicine in many European countries, the European Federation of Internal Medicine (EFIM) has established a working group to analyze the situation.
Being well aware of the variation in working practices in the different countries, the members of the group used an "all-European" approach to answer the following questions:
· Are there problems for internal medicine? If so, what are these problems and why?
· Why do the health care systems in the European countries need internal medicine?
· Why do patients need internal medicine?
· What needs to be done?
Internal medicine is the modern, clinical, and scientific medical discipline that is responsible for the care of adult patients with one or more complex, acute, or chronic illnesses. Internal medicine is the cornerstone of an integrated health care delivery service that is needed today. Decision-makers in politics and hospitals, insurers, journalists, and the general public need a better understanding of what internal medicine can offer to the health care system and to the individual patient.
EFIM recommends wide publication of the two reports (see below) via national society websites and journals with translation where appropriate. EFIM owns the copyright and any additional journal publications should be notified to:
Dr JWF Elte, EFIM Secretary-General
1st Report from the EFIM Working Group on Professional Issues in Internal Medicine
Political issues in Internal Medicine in Europe: A position paper Chairman/Principal Author: Werner Bauer
Members: Petra-Maria Schumm-Draeger; Johannes Koebberling; Thomas Gjoerup; Jose Javier Garcia Alegria; Faustino Ferreira; Clare Higgens; Werner Bauer; Giuseppe Licata; Moshe Mittelman; James O'Hare; Serhat Ünal.
Eur J Int Med 2005; 16: 214-217
2nd Report from the EFIM Working Group on Professional Issues in Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine in Europe: How to cope with the future? An official EFIM strategy document
Chairman/Principal Author: Mark Kramer
Members: Mark Kramer, Erdal Akalin, Melchor Alvarez de Mon Soto, Haim Bitterman, Faustino Ferreira, Clare Higgens; Petra-Maria Schumm-Draeger, Johannes Koebberling, Mine Durusu Tanriover, Werner Bauer.
Eur J Int Med 2010; 21: 173-175
Scientific Committee (joint with FDIME)
Chairman: Loic Guillevin(FR
Objectives: to promote clinical research in Internal Medicine on a European basis.