Published: 20 September 2014
Author(s): Anna Licata, Alessandra Mazzola, Daniela Ingrassia, Vincenza Calvaruso, Calogero Cammà, Antonio Craxì
Section: Review Article

The hyperdynamic syndrome is a late consequence of portal hypertension in cirrhosis. The principal hemodynamic manifestations of the hyperdynamic syndrome are high cardiac output, and increased heart rate and total blood volume, accompanied by reduced total systemic vascular resistance. Pathophysiology involves a complex of humoral and neural mechanisms that can determine hemodynamic changes, and lead to hyperdynamic circulation.In this review we focus our attention on the manifestations of the hyperdynamic syndrome.


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